Montreal's International Forum

Raymond Chrétien

Chairman of the Board, MCFR
Partner and Strategic Advisor, Fasken Martineau
Biography

One of the major figures in the recent history of Canadian diplomacy, Mr. Chrétien has represented Canada as Ambassador to France, the United States, Belgium, Mexico and the Congo. He was also, from 1988 to 1991, Associate Deputy Secretary of State, the second highest position in the Foreign Affairs department, after having occupied a number of key positions in that department. In 1996, he was named Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in the Great Lakes region of central Africa. After dedicating 38 years to Canadian diplomacy, Mr. Chrétien left the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade at the beginning of 2004 to become Partner and Strategic Advisor at the law firm Fasken Martineau. In 2005, Mr. Chrétien was appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors of the CERIUM (Centre d’études et de recherches internationales de l’Université de Montréal)  In 2008, he joined the Board of Directors of the CORIM (Conseil des relations internationales de Montréal) and he became Chairman of the Board in 2010.

Yvan Allaire, Ph.D. (MIT), MSRC

Executive Chair of the Board, Institute for Governance of Private and Public Organizations (IGOPP)
Biography

Dr. Allaire is the Executive Chair of the Board of the Institute for governance (IGOPP) and Chair of the Global Agenda Council on the Role of Business - World Economic Forum from 2010-2014. Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Dr. Allaire is professor emeritus of strategy, UQÀM and the co-founder of the Groupe SÉCOR.

Strategic adviser to the leaders of many Quebec businesses, he was described by the revue Commerce as «The strategist of Quebec Inc.» From1996 to 2001, Dr. Allaire was the Executive Vice President of Bombardier Inc.

Dr. Allaire was selected as a «Grand Performant» in 2001 by revue Commerce and received the Business Award of Distinction from the John Molson School of Business of Concordia University.

In 2008, Dr. Allaire was selected as one of Canada’s six Business Gurus by the Financial Post Magazine and «Canada’s top authority on corporate governance».

Professor Allaire is or has been a member of the board of several organizations, among which Bombardier, CGI, the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec and several not-for-profit organizations.

Professor of strategy for more than 25 years, Dr. Allaire has published many prize-winning articles in leading journals of strategic management as well as several books on governance, written jointly with Professor M.E. Firsirotu, among which Capitalism of Ownersand Black Markets and Business Blues. The latter won the silver medal of the American Independent Publishers Association.

Dr. Allaire is a regular contributor of opinion pieces in French and English newspapers, a commentator on business TV programs as well as a frequent speaker at corporate governance conferences.

André Beaulieu

Senior vice president, Corporate Services, BCE
Biography

Since 2011, as Senior Vice President, Wholesale at Bell Canada, André Beaulieu leads a business unit that generates over $1 billion revenues through a sales force in Canada and abroad that serves more than 700 telecommunication companies in 180 countries.

Since joining Bell in 2007, André held a variety of management positions at Bell, including Vice President, Corporate Strategy, SVP Corporate Services, including Security and Realty Services, and chief procurement officer and SVP value creation. André is also President of BCE Nexxia, which owns the Bell network in the U.S.

Before joining Bell, André held various management positions with Bain and Company in Boston and Paris, and at A.T. Kearney in Paris and Monitor Group in Toronto. André has also worked with the Privy Council Office of the Government of Canada and with the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

Born in Rimouski, André received both his BA (Honours) and his B.C.L/LL.B from Montréal's McGill University. An active member of the community, he sits on the boards of Equitas, and the Montreal Children’s Hospital Foundation. He is also a co-founder of the Banff forum. 

Hubert Bolduc

President and CEO, Montréal International
Biography

In January 2016, Hubert Bolduc was appointed President and CEO of Montréal International, an organization whose mission is to attract foreign investment, international organizations and strategic talent to Greater Montréal.

Before becoming the head of Montréal International, Mr. Bolduc worked as an international affairs manager in charge of Benelux and as Project Manager, Europe and the Middle East, for Investissement Québec, gaining valuable experience in attracting foreign investment.

From 2004 to 2012, he was Vice-President, Communications and Public Relations, at Cascades before being appointed to the senior public service position of Deputy Secretary General, Government Communications, Ministère du conseil exécutif, a position he held until 2014. He also worked as an advisor for public relations firm NATIONAL from 1998 to 2000 and as a press attaché to the Québec Premier from 2001 to 2003.

Holder of a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Université du Québec à Montréal, a Master’s degree in Communication from the University of Stirling in Scotland, and an MBA from HEC Montréal, Hubert Bolduc began his career as a spokesperson for CHUM (the University of Montréal hospital centre) and a Communications lecturer at Université du Québec à Montréal.

Mr. Bolduc has served as Chairman of the Board of Jour de la Terre and Chairman of the Board of Manufacturiers et Exportateurs du Québec, and Vice-Chairman of the Board of the Fondation de l’Entrepreneurship du Québec. He also sat on the Board of Directors of the Board of Trade of Metropolitan Montréal, Fondation de l’UQAM and Forces Avenir.

He has been presented with the Prix Reconnaissance award by Université du Québec à Montréal and the Prix Relève d’excellence award, Large Business category, by Réseau HEC Montréal. Mr. Bolduc also made Marketing Magazine’s 30 Under 30 list in 2001.

François Chagnon

Partner, International Tax, Deloitte
Biography

François is the Partner in charge of our International Tax Practice for Eastern Canada, including the National Capital region, Montreal and the province of Québec as well as the Atlantic region, and as such, leads up a group of more than 60 professionals providing services in International Tax, Transfer Pricing and US corporate tax. With more than 20 years of experience in dealing with various international tax issues, François specializes in advising Canadian-based multinationals on international taxation issues. He also serves as Canadian tax advisor to a number of foreign multinationals.

His expertise in international taxation includes the engineering of tax efficient international corporate structures, international mergers and acquisitions, international financing structures, transfer pricing, global earning strategies as well as issues associated with the transfer of technology and cost-sharing agreements.

François tutored international tax at the graduate diploma level at McGill University, University of Montreal and University of Sherbrooke and often speaks on international taxation related issues at seminars sponsored by his firm and other renowned organizations. He was also member of the Board of Directors of Place des Arts. Mr. Chagnon was admitted to the Barreau du Québec in 1985.

Bernard Colas

Partner, Colas Moreira Kazandjian Zikovsky
Biography

Bernard Colas has over 28 years of experience in international trade law acquired in Montreal, London and Paris advising companies operating at an international level, as well as foreign governments.

Before co-establishing  Colas Moreira Kazandjian Zikovsky, he practiced law with large business firms in Montreal and Paris, and has worked as a legal advisor to the International Federation of Producers of Phonograms and Videograms (IFPI) (London) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (Paris).

He also is a consultant to foreign governments. He acted as a specialist in commercial law in projects funded by CIDA related to the accession of Lithuania and Algeria to the World Trade Organization (WTO),  as mission leader for projects financed by the World Bank for the drafting of laws on telecommunications and postal services in Togo, the Comoros and Mauritania.

Michel Décary

Consulting Partner, Lawyer, BCF
Biography

Michel Décary is associate in the Montreal office of BCF. Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers, his practice focuses on litigation and alternative dispute resolution within the contexts of corporate, securities, commercial and competition law. Mr. Décary has also been involved in major administrative and constitutional law cases for the governments of Canada and Quebec and for many businesses, and has acted as counsel or represented witnesses before numerous public inquiries commissions (Cliché, Keable, Malouf, Doyon, Poitras, Gomery, O’Connor). He is President of the Quebec section of the Canadian Bar Association, Administrative and Constitutional law section. Mr. Décary acts as a negotiator and mediator in labour law (conflict on workforce mobility in the construction industry between Quebec and Ontario, conflict between the Société de la Place des Arts and the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, negotiations with the Aboriginal communities of the Canadian Great North).

He has been appointed to the Queen’s council and is a member of the Corporation des conseillers en relations industrielles du Québec. He is a former Associate Deputy Minister of Justice of Quebec. Past lecturer at the University of Montréal Law School and at the Québec Bar Continuous Education Program.

McGill University, Master’s Program in Law and Economics, course requirements completed (1969-1970), Université de Montréal (LL.L., 1967), and Université de Montréal (B.A., 1964).

Steve Demers

Vice President – Business Development, Hydro-Québec
Biography

Steve Demers was named Vice President – Business Development in December 2015. In this capacity, he is in charge of the activities pertaining to Hydro-Québec’s international presence. Mr. Demers joined Hydro-Québec in September 2011 as Senior Director – Energy Trading Floor – Wholesale Markets.

Mr.Demers previously acted as Senior Director and Treasurer (Montréal) at Banque Nationale du Canada (BNC), a position he held since 2004. From 2002 to 2004, he worked General Manager of BNC's London, England office. From 1998 to 2002, he held the position of Foreign Exchange Director at BNC's headquarters in Montréal. In 1997 and 1998, Mr. Demers worked at State Street Bank and Trust Company, where he acted as portfolio manager.

Mr. Demers holds a Master's Degree in Management Sciences with a specialization in Finance from HEC Montréal, as well as a Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration from Laurentian University. He also holds a diploma from the Association Cambiste Internationale (ACI).

Jacques Descôteaux

Chief Treasurer, Desjardins Group
Biography

Most of Mr. Descôteaux’s career has been with Desjardins Group during his 25 years with the organization.

Mr. Descôteaux is Chair, since almost 10 years, of Desjardins Group’s Asset/Liability Committee and also sits on Desjardins Group’s committees on credit, finance and risk management, and disclosure.

Mr. Descôteaux is also in charge of funding activities for Desjardins Group. Over the past few years, he has given presentations around the world to increase Desjardins Group’s visibility among institutional investors. Today, over $40 billion has been refinanced on national and international markets in Canada, the United States, Europe and Asia.

Mr. Descôteaux has worked at a number of financial institutions in Montreal, including Laurentian Bank and Société Générale Group.

Jacques Descôteaux holds a B.A. in Mathematics/Economics from Fordham University in New York City. He interned in corporate finance on Wall Street at Prudential Bache. Mr. Descôteaux has also completed courses at the Canadian Securities Institute, including the Partners, Directors and Senior Officers Course.

Éric Dequenne

Vice-President, International Affairs, Investissement Québec
Biography

Françoise Faverjon-Fortin

National Vice-President, Business Development & Strategic Partnerships
Export Development Canada (EDC)
Biography

Françoise Faverjon-Fortin is National Vice-President, Business Development & Strategic Partnerships. Mrs. Faverjon-Fortin joined EDC's insurance group in 1990 and assumed positions of increasing responsibility in underwriting, business development and senior leadership both regionally and at head office.

Before assuming her current role, she was EDC's VP & Chief Underwriter - Insurance (Contract, Bonding & Political Risks); National Vice-President, Infrastructure and Environment and Vice-President, Quebec and Eastern Ontario. Overall, Mrs. Faverjon-Fortin has worked in the field of international trade finance and investment for thirty years.

Prior to joining EDC, she worked for the Conference Board of Canada and for the World Trade Institute of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Mrs. Faverjon-Fortin graduated with honors from the State University of New York and holds an MBA in International Finance. She also holds a BAA Marketing from Université Laval.

Pierre Marc Johnson

Counsel, Lavery
Biography

Pierre Marc Johnson is counsel and acts as lead counsel and strategic advisor to international partnerships during trade negotiations with respect to investments, new information technologies, the biomedical and entertainment sectors, and financial products.

Former Premier of Quebec, lawyer, and physician, Mr. Johnson is known for his expertise in the fields of international trade, negotiation, international partnerships, environmental law, health law, and public policy. He also has extensive experience in international negotiations for the United Nations on environmental and development issues.

Since 2009, he has acted as chief negotiator for the Government of Quebec in the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union (CETA) as well as in the softwood lumber dispute between Canada and the United States.

Mr. Johnson has advised the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), an international organization created by Canada, Mexico, and the United States under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC). In 2003, he chaired a similar effort for the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Co-author of The Environment and NAFTA — Understanding and Implementing the New Continental Law, published by Island Press, and of Beyond Trade: The Case for a Broadened International Governance Agenda, he has also penned numerous essays andarticles on international trade, globalization, and the environment. Hisexpertise and experience enable him to act as counsel for both domestic and foreign governments and institutions, to participate in the proceedings of advisory committees, and to speak on the phenomenon and impact of globalization.

Mr. Johnson has served as a director or member of advisory committees for some twenty major corporations. He currently serves on the board of directors of companies in the biopharmaceutical, motion picture, and mining industries.

Mr. Johnson holds honorary doctorates from Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, France, and Université de Montréal. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, recipient of the Grand Croix of the Ordre de la Pléiade, and Grand Officer of the Ordre national du Québec. He has also been recognized as one of Canada’s leading lawyers in the field of international arbitration in the 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 editions of The Best Lawyers in Canada directory (Woodward/White).

Pierre Lemonde

President and CEO, MCFR
Biography

Pierre Lemonde is a lawyer who has more than 20 years of experience in the management of entities involved in international matters and in the organization of conferences, workshops and seminars on global topics. He has also been involved for more than ten years in the editing of world economics publications and the counselling of private companies and public/parapublic bodies on management issues, strategic planning and international law. He has most notably been active as International Vice-President of Manufacturers and Exporters of Quebec (MEQ); President and Editor of the international magazine World Economic Affairs; Managing Director of Samson Bélair/Deloitte & Touche International; and Vice-President of the International Economic Law Society of Canada. 

Mr. Lemonde is a graduate in law from the Université de Montréal (LLB); in international administration from the École nationale d’administration publique (Graduate Diploma); in human resources management from McGill University (Certificate); in psychology from the Université de Montréal (B.Sc., M.Ps.); and in psychoanalysis from the Université de Paris (Diploma of Advanced Studies).

Mr. Lemonde is a member of the Barreau du Québec (Bar of the Province of Quebec). He is also a member of the Strategic Action Comittee of the C2MTL business conference, and a Board member of the Raoul Dandurand Chair of Strategic and Diplomatic Studies at UQAM. He has also served on the Board of Directors of many organizations including the Montreal Millennium Summit; the World Trade Centre of Montreal; the International Economic Law Society of Canada; and the Conseil québécois pour l’Amérique Latine (Quebec Council for Latin America).

Olivier Marcil

Vice President, External Relations, Bombardier
Biography

Etienne Massicotte

Partner, Financial Services, Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt
Biography

Etienne Massicotte is a respected legal advisor to business leaders in Montréal and has been recognized as a leading practitioner by Chambers Global: The Worlds’ Leading Lawyers and The Canadian Legal Lexpert Directory in the areas of banking & finance and of infrastructure in Canada. He advises clients primarily in respect of financial services and M&A matters.

Etienne Massicotte has been involved in a wide range of complex transactions related to project infrastructure, real estate, asset-backed, acquisition and syndicated financings as well as debt restructurings. He has also advised purchasers and vendors in connection with acquisition, merger and restructuring transactions.

John Parisella

Senior Advisor, Business Outreach, National
Biography

Before he became Senior Advisor, Business Outreach at National Public Relations, Mr . Parisella held the position of Executive Director of the fundraising campaign at the Université de Montréal, HEC Montréal, and Polytechnique Montréal. He was also Québec's Delegate General in New York, the province's top ranking position in the U.S., from November 2009 to January 2012.


Prior to his mandate in New York, Mr. Parisella was the president of Montréal-based BCP and BCP Consultants, firms that specialize in communications, strategic planning and public relations.

A respected communicator and educator, he was a frequent contributor to several Québec media on political issues, in particular U.S. politics. His most recent book, “Élections Made in USA” with co-author Professor Donald Cuccioletta was published prior to the 2008 American presidential elections. He also wrote a popular blog for Maclean’s magazine.

Mr. Parisella was Chief of Staff to Québec premiers Robert Bourassa and Daniel Johnson from 1989 to 1994. In 2008, he was appointed by the Québec government as chief negotiator regarding a land claim by the Mohawks of Kahnawake.

Mr. Parisella has taught at Concordia University where he also served as special communications adviser to the President.

A graduate of McGill and Concordia Universities, Mr. Parisella holds a certificate in government management from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Michel Patry

Director, HEC Montréal
Full Professor, HEC Montréal
Biography

Holder of a Ph. D. in Economics from the University of British Columbia and a master’s degree in Business Administration (M. Sc.) from HEC Montréal, Michel Patry is currently Full professor at the Département d’économie appliquée of HEC Montréal and Director of HEC Montréal, a major international business school.

In the past, Mr. Patry has served in other administrative capacities at HEC Montréal, as Associate Director – Academic Affairs and Strategic Planning; Director of the Doctoral Program and Director of Research; and activities outside of HEC Montréal, more specifically as President and CEO of the Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis of Organizations (CIRANO), an important research, liaison and transfer center dedicated to the improvement of organizations’ and markets’ efficiency and competitiveness; Director of the Romanian-Canadian MBA Program, Director of the Joint Ph.D. in Administration Program offered by the four Montreal universities, and Secretary-Treasurer of the Société canadienne de science économique.

In Canada and abroad Mr. Patry sits on several Boards such as HEC Montréal, Université de Montréal, Bureau de coopération interuniversitaire, Conseil du Patronat du Québec, Conseil des relations internationales de Montréal, Revue Gestion, AACSB International as Secretary-Treasurer, European Foundation for Management Development, Global Foundation for Management Education, International Accreditation Advisory Board of the Association of MBAs, Fédération canadienne des doyens des écoles d’administration. Michel Patry is Vice-Chair of the Continuous Improvement Review Committee for AACSB. He was a volunteer of the 2011 and 2012 Campaign Cabinet of Centraide of Greater Montreal and Chair - Government Corporations and Public Organizations of Centraide; member of the Advisory Board for Quebec of TALISMAN (2011-2013); and member of the Boards of Collège André-Grasset (2009-2014), Finance Montréal (2010-2013), Cirano (2001-2006), CEFRIO (2007-2009), and ACFAS (2002-2005).

Michel Patry is an expert in the economics of organizations and regulation. At the moment, his teaching and research deal with the economic analysis of organizations, the economics and strategic analysis of outsourcing and P3, the economic analysis of regulation, as well as the economics of IT and e-commerce.

Professor Patry has published over a hundred research documents of scientific and professional nature, articles in academic and professional publications, book sections, monographs, research reports, etc., as well as many transfer and public education articles. He has supervised and participated in the supervision of close to a hundred students in Business Administration, Economics and IT postgraduate programs. He also serves as a consultant to many private and public organizations.

Robert Racine

Partner, Kenniff & Racine
Biography

Robert Racine has been in executive search since 2000. He co-founded Kenniff & Racine inc. in 2003. His considerable experience of both the public and private sectors, his knowledge of change management in the context of mergers, acquisitions and disinvestment in publicly-traded companies add important value to his professional work on behalf of his clients as well as with candidates. His practice concentrates on the following fields: communications, telecommunications, manufacturing, finance, services, engineering, associations and community groups. 

As a member of the Board of Directors and the executive committee of the Greater Montréal Board of Trade from 2005 to 2007, of the Boards of Directors of Stationnement de Montréal from 2005 to 2010, of the Société de vélo en libre-service (Bixi) from 2009 to 2010, of the Quebec Arthritis Society since 2005, of the Théâtre du Nouveau Monde (TNM) since 2007 and of the Montreal Council on Foreign Relations (MCFR) since 2011, he has worked with many non-profit organisations over the years, not only in the healthcare and cultural fields but with business groups as well. 

Robert holds a degree in communications from the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM). He has more than 25 years of experience in the fields of public and governmental affairs as well as in financial communications. He gained this experience not only in Canada but abroad. Through his expertise in corporate affairs and organisational structures, he has built a solid professional reputation and a considerable business network. 

Between 1978 and 1999, he worked for the following organisations: Alcan, the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC Financial Group), Canada Post Corporation, Office of the Speaker of the House of Commons, SNC and SNC-Lavalin.

Robert is fluent in French and English, both oral and written.

Nancy Rosenfeld

President, Claudine and Stephen Bronfman Family Foundation
Biography

Aside from her role at the Claudine and Stephen Bronfman Family Foundation, Nancy Rosenfeld is Vice-President, Canadian Affairs of The Andrea and Charles Bronfman Philanthropies.  The opportunity to provide a senior leadership role in three foundations, spanning three generations, has provided Ms. Rosenfeld with much learning and experience in family foundation dynamics and decision-making styles across the generations. 

Areas of focus include support of the arts, urban development, youth in difficulty, the environment, Canadian heritage, and support of Jewish life in North America and Israel. 

The Andrea and Charles Bronfman Philanthropies through its 21/64 Project – Strategic Philanthropy Through the Generations, has developed a specific expertise in engaging next generations in the field of philanthropy. 

Prior to working for the Bronfman family, Ms. Rosenfeld worked as Special Advisor to Mayor Pierre Bourque, City of Montreal, as his liaison to the Anglophone and Cultural Communities.  Before this, she served as Executive Director of the YM/YWHA and Director of Community Planning and Allocations for Federation CJA.

Ms. Rosenfeld’s volunteer involvement is extensive.  She serves as a Member of Board of Directors of Philanthropic Foundations Canada, Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital Foundation, The Trans Canada Trail and the Canada-Israel Committee to name a few.

Jean-Louis Roy

President, Partenariat international
Biography

Diplomat, writer, journalist and academic, Jean-Louis Roy is a Canadian citizen and currently lives in Montreal. 

Holding a Masters degree in Philosophy from the Université de Montréal and a Doctorate in History from McGill University, he has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Law from Moncton University and an Honorary Doctorate from the Université Sainte-Anne.  Mr. Roy has occupied these following positions: 

Director of the Centre d’études canadiennes-françaises, McGill University; 1971-1980 

Director of the daily newspaper, Le Devoir, Montreal; 1980-1986 

Québec Delegate General in France, Paris; 1986-1990 

Secretary General for the Intergovernmental Agency of la Francophonie; 1990-1999 

President, Partenariat International; 1999-2002 – 2007- 

President, Rights and Democracy; 2002-2007 

Chancellor, Sainte-Anne University, Church Point, Nova Scotia; 2000-2005 

Member of the board:

Centre de la francophonie des Amériques; 2008-2013

Export Development Canada; depuis 2008

Montreal Council on Foreign Relations; depuis 2007

Gorée Foundation, Dakar, Sénégal; depuis 2014. 

Jean-Louis Roy has resumed his duties as President of Partenariat International and is a Associate Researcher at the Centre de recherche en Droit Public de l’Université de Montréal. 

Jean-Louis Roy is author of many works of literature, history and international politics analysis which are published in Canada, the United States, France and the African continent. More than 20 countries have awarded Mr. Roy their order or other national distinction.

Érik J. Ryan

Executive Vice-President, Marketing, Strategy and External Relations
SNC-Lavalin
Biography

Erik Ryan holds a B. Eng. in Mechanical Engineering from McGill University (1987) and an MBA from the Harvard Business School (1995). 

Mr. Ryan joins Alcan Inc. in September 2002 as Director, Strategic Management Support. He is part of the Pechiney acquisition team, and is later co-leader of the Alcan-Pechiney Integration Leadership Team in Paris. In the fall of 2004, he becomes Vice-President, Strategy and Business Development, for Alcan Packaging Global Beauty sector. In January 2005, Mr. Ryan is appointed Vice-President, Corporate Affairs and Communications, for Alcan Primary Metal Group. 

In 2007, Regional Industrial Diversification and an aerospace and nuclear alloys casting plant are added to his responsibilities, as he becomes Vice-President, Stakeholder Relations and Communications. Erik Ryan first became involved with the Board of Trade in 2002 through the strategic analysis committee on economic development before joining the board of directors and then, its executive committee. He is appointed Chairman of the board of Directors, November 2009. 

Prior to joining Rio Tinto Alcan, Mr. Ryan was Secretary General of the Sommet de Montréal 2002, in charge of designing and conducting this foundational event created to identify the strategic priorities and initiatives critical to the new City of Montréal. Between 1995 and 2001, following his studies in Boston, Mr. Ryan worked as a consultant for Monitor Company, a Boston consultancy. 

Between 1995 and 1997, he headed its Paris office. Between 1989 and 1993, he was political advisor to Gérald Tremblay, then Minister of Industry, Trade, and Technology. At that time, Mr. Ryan contributed to the design and deployment of the industrial cluster strategy, and to negotiating the social contract.